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Tizoc
Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan
Tizoc.jpg
Tizoc in the Codex Telleriano-Remensis
Reign 14811486
Titles Tlacateccatl
Died 1486
Predecessor Axayacatl
Successor Ahuitzotl
Father Tezozomoc
Mother Huitzxochtzin

Tízoc or Tizoc was the seventh Aztec Hueyi Tlatoani (emperor) of the city of Tenochtitlán.

Most sources agree that he took power in 1481 (the Aztec year "2 House"), succeeding his older brother Axayacatl. Although Tízoc's reign was relatively short, he began the rebuilding of the Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan (a task completed by his younger brother Ahuitzotl in 1487), and also put down a rebellion of the Matlatzincan peoples of the Toluca Valley.

According to the Codex Mendoza, during Tizoc's reign the altepetl of Tonalimoquetzayan, Toxico, Ecatepec, Cillan, Tecaxic, Tolocan, Yancuitlan, Tlappan, Atezcahuacan, Mazatlan, Xochiyetla, Tamapachco, Ecatliquapechco, and Miquetlan were conquered.

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Tizoc died in 1486, though it's still somewhat unclear how. Some sources suggest that he was poisoned, others that he was the victim of "sorcery" or illness. It has been suggested that either Tlacaelel or other members of the royal family especially Ahuitzotl was responsible for the poisoning of Tizoc.

NotesEdit

  1. Based on the maps by Ross Hassig in "Aztec Warfare"

LiteratureEdit

  • Townsend, Richard F. (2000) The Aztecs. revised ed. Thames and Hudson, New York.
  • Hassig, Ross (1988) Aztec Warfare: Imperial Expansion and Political Control. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.
  • Weaver, Muriel Porter (1993). The Aztecs, Maya, and Their Predecessors: Archaeology of Mesoamerica, 3rd ed., San Diego: Academic Press. ISBN 0012639990.

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